Difference between Ind AS 18 on Revenue and the existing AS 9 on Revenue Recognition
Measurement of revenue is briefly covered in the definition of revenue in the existing AS 9, while Ind AS 18 separately deals in detail with measurement of revenue. The differences between Ind AS 18 on Revenue and the existing AS 9 on Revenue Recognition are as under:
(i) Definition of ‘revenue’ given in the Ind AS 18 is broad compared to the definition of ‘revenue’ given in existing AS 9 because it covers all economic benefits that arise in the ordinary course of activities of an entity which result in increases in equity, other than increases relating to contributions from equity participants. On the other hand, as per the existing AS 9, revenue is gross inflow of cash, receivables or other consideration arising in the course of the ordinary activities of an enterprise from the sale of goods, from the rendering of services, and from the use by others of enterprise resources yielding interest, royalties and dividends.
(ii) Revenue arising from agreements of real estate development are specifically scoped out from Ind AS 18. Existing AS 9 does not exclude the same.
(iii) As per existing AS 9, revenue is recognised at the nominal amount of consideration receivable. Ind AS 18 requires the revenue to be measured at fair value of the consideration received or receivable.
(iv) Ind AS 18 specifically deals with the exchange of goods and services with goods and services of similar and dissimilar nature. In this regard specific guidance is given regarding barter transactions involving advertising services. This aspect is not dealt with in the existing AS 9.
(v) Ind AS 18 provides guidance on application of recognition criteria to the separately identifiable components of a single transaction in order to reflect the substance of the transaction. Existing AS 9 does not specifically deal with the same.
(vi) For recognition of revenue in case of rendering of services, existing AS 9 permits the use of completed service contract method. Ind AS 18 requires recognition of revenue using percentage of completion method only.
(vii) Existing AS 9 requires the recognition of revenue from interest on time proportion basis. Ind AS 18 requires interest to be recognised using effective interest rate method.
(viii) Disclosure requirements given in the Ind AS 18 are more detailed as compared to existing AS 9.
(ix) Ind AS 18 specifically provides guidance regarding revenue recognition in case the entity is under any obligation to provide free or discounted goods or services or award credits to its customers due to any customer loyalty program. Existing AS 9 does not deal with this aspect.
(x) Ind AS 18 deals with accounting of transfer of property, plant and equipment by the customers to the entity, which are used by the entity to connect the customer to a network or to provide the customer with ongoing access to a supply of goods or services. Existing AS 9 does not deal with this aspect.
(xi) Existing AS 9 specifically deals with disclosure of excise duty as a deduction from revenue from sales transactions. Ind AS 18 does not specifically deal with the same. (ICAI)