Definition of ‘India’ – Income Tax

As per S.2(25A) of the Income Tax Act, 1961, unless the context otherwise requires, the term “India” means the territory of India as referred to in article 1 of the Constitution, its territorial waters, seabed and subsoil underlying such waters, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone or any other maritime zone as referred to in the Territorial Waters, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and other Maritime Zones Act, 1976 and the air space above its territory and territorial waters.


To ascertain whether certain income has accrued in India or not, we need to know the meaning and boundaries of the term ‘India’, which may be highly relevant in certain cases.