Difference between Ind AS 105 on Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations and the existing AS 24 on Discontinuing Operations
(i) Ind AS 105 specifies the accounting for non- current assets held for sale, and the presentation and disclosure of discontinued operations. The existing AS 24 establishes principles for reporting information about discontinuing operations. It does not deal with the non-current assets held for sale; fixed assets retired from active used and held for sale, are dealt in existing AS 10, Accounting for Fixed Assets. (Paragraph 1 of Ind AS 105 and ‘Objective’ of existing AS 24)
(ii) In the existing AS 24, requirements related to cash flow statement are applicable when the enterprise presents a cash flow statement. Ind AS 105 does not mention so. (Paragraph 2 of existing AS 24)
(iii) Under Ind AS 105, a discontinued operation is a component of an entity that either has been disposed of or is classified as held for sale. In the existing AS 24, there is no concept of discontinued operations but it deals with discontinuing operations.
(iv) As per Ind AS 105, the sale should be expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within one year from the date of classification with certain exceptions. The existing AS 24 does not specify any time period in this regard as it relates to discontinuing operations
(v) The existing AS 24 specifies about the initial disclosure event in respect to a discontinuing operation. Ind AS 105 does not mention so as it relates to discontinued operation. (Paragraph 15 of existing AS 24)
(vi) Under Ind AS 105, non-current assets (disposal groups) held for sale are measured at the lower of carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell, and are presented separately in the balance sheet. The existing AS 24 requires to apply the principles set out in other relevant Accounting Standards, e.g., the existing AS 10 requires that the fixed assets retired from active use and held for disposal should be stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and shown separately in the financial statements. (Paragraphs 15 and 38 of Ind AS 105 and Paragraph 18 of existing AS 24 and Paragraph 14.2 of existing AS 10)
(vii) Ind AS 105 specifically mentions that abandonment of assets should not be classified as held for sale. In the existing AS 24, abandonment of assets is classified as a discontinuing operation; however changing the scope of an operations or the manner in which it is conducted is not abandonment and hence not a discontinuing operation. (Paragraph 7 of existing AS 24 and paragraph 13 of Ind AS 105).
(viii) Ind AS 105 provides guidance regarding measurement of changes to a plan of sale. The existing AS 24 does not give any specific guidance regarding this aspect. (Paragraphs 26-29 of Ind AS 105).
(ix) As per Ind AS 105, a discontinued operation is a component of an entity that represents a separate major line of business or geographical area, or is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale. Under the existing AS 24, a discontinuing operation is a component of an entity that represents the major line of business or geographical area of operations and that can be distinguished operationally and for financial reporting purposes. (Paragraph 3 of existing AS 24 and paragraph 32 of Ind AS 15). (ICAI)