No Exemption under IT S. 10(8), (8A), (8B) and (9) from AY 2023-24

Amendments proposed for withdrawal of exemption under clauses (8), (8A), (8B) and (9) of section 10 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 from AY 2023-24 and onwards, vide Clause 4 of the Finance Bill 2022 (budget 2022-23), are as under:

1. Clause (8) of the section 10 of the Act provides for exemption to the income of an individual who is assigned duties in India in connection with any co-operative technical assistance programmes and projects. Such co-operative technical assistance programmes and projects are required to be in accordance with an agreement entered by the Central Government and the Government of a foreign state (the terms thereof provide for the exemption given by this clause).

2. Exemption is provided to both (i) the remuneration received by the individual from the foreign state for such duties and (ii) any other income accruing or arising outside India (which is not deemed to accrue or arise in India), in respect of which the individual is required to pay any income or social security tax to the Government of the foreign state.

3. Clause (8A) of the said section provides for exemption on the remuneration or fee received by a consultant, directly or indirectly out of the funds made available to an international organisation (agency) under a technical assistance grant agreement between the agency and the Government of a foreign state. The said clause also provides exemption to such consultant in respect of any income accruing or arising outside India (which is not deemed to accrue or arise in India), in respect of which the consultant is required to pay income or social security tax to the Government of the country of his or its origin.

4. For the purposes of this clause, if the consultant is an individual he must be a foreign citizen or in case he is an Indian citizen he should be not ordinarily resident in India. In case the consultant is not an individual, such person is required to be nonresident.

5. Consultant should be engaged by the agency for rendering technical services in India in connection with any technical assistance programme or project. Such technical assistance programme or projects are required to be in accordance with an agreement entered into by the Central Government and the agency and the agreement relating to the engagement of the consultant is required to be approved by the prescribed authority.

6. Clause (8B) of the said section provides for exemption to an individual who is an employee of the consultant as referred to in clause (8A) of section 10. Such individuals are those who are assigned duties in India in connection with any technical assistance programme and project. These technical assistance programmes and projects are required to be in accordance with an agreement entered into by the Central Government and the agency.

7. The exemption is provided to the remuneration received by such individual, directly or indirectly, for such duties from any consultant referred to in clause (8A) of section 10. Exemption is also provided to any income accruing or arising outside India (which is not deemed to accrue or arise in India), in respect of which the individual is required to pay income or social security tax to the country of his origin.

8. The individual must be the employee of the consultant. He may be a foreign citizen or if he is an Indian citizen, he is not ordinarily resident in India. It is also required that the contract of service of the employee is approved by the prescribed authority before the commencement of his service.

9. Clause (9) of the said section provides for exemption to the income of the family members of any individual or consultant as referred in clause (8), clause (8A) and clause (8B), who accompanies such individual or consultant to India. The exemption is provided to income accruing or arising outside India (which is not deemed to accrue or arise in India), in respect of which such member is required to pay any income or social security tax to the Government of that foreign state or country of origin of such member.

10. The exemptions as provided under the above-mentioned clauses have outlived their utility in the era of simplification of tax laws and where exemptions and tax incentives are being phased out as a matter of stated policy of the Government. Further, if under a tax treaty, India gets a right to tax a particular income and the other country is expected to then relieve double taxation by exemption or credit method, providing exemption by India amounts to surrender of right of taxation by India in favour of the other country.

11. Accordingly, it is proposed to amend clauses (8), (8A), (8B) and (9) of section 10 of the Act to provide that the provisions of the said clauses shall not apply to remuneration, fee or income of the previous year relevant to the assessment year beginning on or after the 1st day of April, 2023.

12. These amendments will take effect from 1st April, 2023 and will accordingly apply in relation to the assessment year 2023-24 and subsequent assessment years. 71943

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