Section 144 of CGST Act 2017: Presumption as to Documents in Certain Cases
Provisions under Section 144 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 relating to “Presumption as to Documents in Certain Cases”, are as under:
Section 144 of CGST Act 2017: Presumption as to Documents in Certain Cases (CHAPTER XXI – MISCELLANEOUS)
Where any document–
(i) is produced by any person under this Act or any other law for the time being in force; or
(ii) has been seized from the custody or control of any person under this Act or any other law for the time being in force; or
(iii) has been received from any place outside India in the course of any proceedings under this Act or any other law for the time being in force,
and such document is tendered by the prosecution in evidence against him or any other person who is tried jointly with him, the court shall—
(a) unless the contrary is proved by such person, presume—
(i) the truth of the contents of such document;
(ii) that the signature and every other part of such document which purports to be in the handwriting of any particular person or which the court may reasonably assume to have been signed by, or to be in the handwriting of, any particular person, is in that person’s handwriting, and in the case of a document executed or attested, that it was executed or attested by the person by whom it purports to have been so executed or attested;
(b) admit the document in evidence notwithstanding that it is not duly stamped, if such document is otherwise admissible in evidence.
The Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, 2017 was notified by Govt. of India on 12 April, 2017 and CBIC has notified the commencement date for various Sections/ Provisions thereof from time to time. Subsequently, Govt. has notified the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) (Amendment) Act, 2018 on 30 Aug. 2018. Further, CBIC has separately notified the commencement date of provisions of various Sections of the CGST (Amendment) Act 2018 vide Notification No. 2/2019 Central Tax dt. 29 Jan. 2019, except for sections where the date of commencement is different from 1 Feb. 2019 and has specifically been mentioned in the CGST Amendment Act, 2018 itself.