Section 2(11) to 2(20) of the CGST Act, 2017: Definitions

Definitions of various important terms under Sections 2(11) to 2(20) of the CGST Act, 2017, unless the context otherwise requires, are as under:

Section 2(11): assessment means determination of tax liability under this Act and includes self-assessment, re-assessment, provisional assessment, summary assessment and best judgment assessment.

Section 2(12): associated enterprises shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in section 92A of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Section 2(13): audit means the examination of records, returns and other documents maintained or furnished by the registered person under this Act or the rules made thereunder or under any other law for the time being in force to verify the correctness of turnover declared, taxes paid, refund claimed and input tax credit availed, and to assess his compliance with the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder.

Section 2(14): authorised bank shall mean a bank or a branch of a bank authorised by the Government to collect the tax or any other amount payable under this Act.

Section 2(15): authorised representative means the representative as referred to in section 116.

Section 2(16): Board means the Central Board of Excise and Customs Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs constituted under the Central Boards of Revenue Act, 1963. [Refer Note 4]

Section 2(17): business includes
(a) any trade, commerce, manufacture, profession, vocation, adventure, wager or any other similar activity, whether or not it is for a pecuniary benefit;
(b) any activity or transaction in connection with or incidental or ancillary to sub-clause (a);
(c) any activity or transaction in the nature of sub-clause (a), whether or not there is volume, frequency, continuity or regularity of such transaction;
(d) supply or acquisition of goods including capital goods and services in connection with commencement or closure of business;
(e) provision by a club, association, society, or any such body (for a subscription or any other consideration) of the facilities or benefits to its members;
(f) admission, for a consideration, of persons to any premises;
(g) services supplied by a person as the holder of an office which has been accepted by him in the course or furtherance of his trade, profession or vocation;
(h) services provided by a race club by way of totalisator or a licence to book maker in such club activities of a race club including by way of totalisator or a license to book maker or activities of a licensed book maker in such club; and [Refer Note 2]
(i) any activity or transaction undertaken by the Central Government, a State Government or any local authority in which they are engaged as public authorities.

Section 2(18): Business Vertical means a distinguishable component of an enterprise that is engaged in the supply of individual goods or services or a group of related goods or services which is subject to risks and returns that are different from those of the other business verticals.
Explanation.– For the purposes of this clause, factors that should be considered in determining whether goods or services are related include–
(a) the nature of the goods or services; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the type or class of customers for the goods or services; (d) the methods used to distribute the goods or supply of services; and (e) the nature of regulatory environment (wherever applicable), including banking, insurance, or public utilities.
[Refer Note 3]

Section 2(19): capital goods means goods, the value of which is capitalised in the books of account of the person claiming the input tax credit and which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business.

Section 2(20): casual taxable person means a person who occasionally undertakes transactions involving supply of goods or services or both in the course or furtherance of business, whether as principal, agent or in any other capacity, in a State or a Union territory where he has no fixed place of business.

Amendments History:

1. CBEC notifies 22/06/2017 as the Commencement date for Section 2 of the CGST Act 2017, vide Central Tax Notification 1/2017 dt. 19/06/2017.

2. In Clause (h) of Section 2(17), the text ‘services provided by a race club by way of totalisator or a licence to book maker in such club’ substituted with the text ‘activities of a race club including by way of totalisator or a license to book maker or activities of a licensed book maker in such club’, vide Section 2 of the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018 (GOI Notification dt. 29/08/2018), followed with Central Tax Notification 2/2019 dt. 29/01/2019 on commencement date of 01/02/2019.

3. Section 2(18) omitted, vide Section 2 of the CGST (Amendment) Act, 2018 (GOI Notification dt. 29/08/2018), followed with Central Tax Notification 2/2019 dt. 29/01/2019 on commencement date of 01/02/2019.

4. In Section 2(16), the text ‘Central Board of Excise and Customs’ substituted with the text ‘Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs’, i.e. CBEC renamed as CBIC, vide Section 221 of Finance Act 2018: GOI Notification dt. 29/03/2018, w.e.f. 29/03/2018.

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Note: The CGST Act, 2017 has been notified vide GOI Notification dt. 12/04/2017, which has subsequently been amended through CGST (Extension to J&K) Act 2017, Finance Act 2018, CGST Amendment Act 2018, Finance (No. 2) Act 2019, Finance Act 2020, Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation of Certain Provisions) Ordinance 2020, Finance Act 2021, including various Notifications issued by the Govt./ CBIC from time to time, relating to the commencement dates of various Sections/ Provisions in the respective CGST/ Amendment Acts, wherever required. Information on this page is a Section-wise compilation of Amendments made by all such Notifications, with best possible efforts for accuracy. In any case, E&OE. For official/ updated information, please visit CBIC website.

CBIC Updates (GST)
GST Circulars, Notifications, Press Releases, Orders, etc. issued by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) in different years, along with Section-wise/ Rule-wise Text of GST Acts/ Rules:
CGST: CGST Act/ Definitions, CGST Rules, GST Forms
IGST: IGST Act/ Definitions, IGST Rules
UTGST: UTGST Act/ Definitions, UTGST Rules
CBIC Circulars (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC GST Instructions: 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC CGST Notifications: 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC CGST Rate Notifications: 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC IGST Notifications: 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC IGST Rate Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax/ UTGST Notifications: 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC UT Tax/ UTGST Rate Notifications: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Notifications: 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Compensation Cess Rate Notifications: 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Orders (CGST/ IGST/ UTGST): 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
CBIC Press Releases: 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017
GST Portal/ Network (GSTN) Updates
Note: For Official/ updated copy, please visit the CBIC website.

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